What Are The Important Fuels For Exercise?

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates and fats are the two main fuels, though during prolonged intensive training bouts, proteins will play a more important role.  For instance, during the last stages of a marathon, when glycogen stores are exhausted, the proteins in muscles and organs may make up 10% of the body’s fuel mixture.

During a period of semi starvation or a low carbohydrate diet, glycogen would be in short supply so more proteins would be broken down to provide the body with fuel.  Up to half of the weight lost by someone following a very low calorie or low carbohydrate diet is likely to come from protein (mainly muscle loss).  Some people think that if they deplete their glycogen stores by following a low carbohydrate diet, they will force their body to break down more fat and lose weight.  This is not the case and this strategy will invariably lead to losing muscle and fat in equal amounts.

Carbohydrates during exercise?

After 60 minutes of moderate to high exercise, most muscle glycogen will be used up, and the body will have to rely more on blood sugar.  After 2 – 3 hours the body will be relying totally on blood sugar (and fats and proteins from muscle).  Therefore when exercising for more than 60 minutes, consuming carbohydrate during a workout will help to delay fatigue and allow performance at a higher level for longer.

An intake of between 30 – 60g (120 – 240 kcals) of carbs per hour is recommended, as this is the maximum amount that can be taken up by the muscles, and so consuming more will not produce beneficial results.  It is also important to start consuming carbs before fatigue sets in, as it can take 30 mins for the glucose to enter the blood stream.

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REPs Behaviour Change and Motivational Interviewing

Behaviour change and Motivational Interviewing (MI)

This behaviour change and motivational interviewing course represents the latest information and approaches applied by clinicians and behavioural change therapists. This course is highly appropriate for fitness professionals and practitioners working with mainstream clients as well as special populations. This one day REPs accredited course will equip the learner with the key skills and practices to effectively develop and deploy a powerful behavioural change strategy with either groups or on a one to one basis, enabling your clients to more effectively achieve their goals and complete their rehabilitation. This 1 day course is taken from the L4 Obesity & Diabetes Management course and the setting is working with clients with obesity and chronic disease such as CVD and Diabetes.

Behaviour Change and MI Course Content:

The personal training course will develop the students understanding and practical application of behaviour change and will provide a solid platform for the individual to become a competent and behaviour change practitioner.

The course covers subjects including:

Part 1

  • Human behaviour and theoretical models of change
  • The Transtheoretical Model (TTM)
  • The Health Belief Model (HBM)
  • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
  • Motivational Interviewing (MI)

Part 2

  • Motivational Interviewing in Practice
  • Working with Ambivalence
  • Developing Discrepancy
  • The Poorly Motivated Client/Building Motivation
  • Readiness to Change
  • Increasing self-efficacy
  • Identifying High Risk Situations
  • Preventing Relapse
  • Maintaining Progress
  • The Cognitive-Behavioural Model of Relapse
  • Intrapersonal Skills – Interpersonal Skills
  • A Sample Course of Therapy

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Why And How Do We Put On Weight? – Discovery UK

Our body likes to keep things in balance and there is little doubt that regulation of bodyweight occurs, albeit with varying degrees of precision! Being overweight or obese is often considered to result from the failure of homeostatic mechanisms that regulate body weight during exposure to an environment that favours overeating and or discourages physical activity.

It is also important to emphasise that a fluctuating body weight is the general rule, even in adults who apparently maintain a stable body weight over months, years and decades, there is in reality no absolute constancy of bodyweight.  Instead, body weight tends to fluctuate or oscillate around a mean constant value, with small to large deviations from a ‘set’ or ‘preferred’ value. This is triggered by events that are seasonal and or cultural (weekends, holidays etc), psychological (stress, depression, anxiety or emotions) and pathological (ranging from minor health perturbations to more serious disease states).

Set point theory

The set point theory;  fat cells have a form of homeostatic control over body weight, is perhaps the most plausible explanation for long-term body stores. Set point theory states that each of us has a genetically pre-programmed set weight point that our bodies would prefer to maintain under normal circumstances. A hormone called leptin which is our natural appetite suppressant  is produced in the adipocyte and is responsible for appetite and bodyweight control.  As fat cells become full they increase production of leptin which leads to a reduction in appetite.  However most people don’t respond to appetite that well but instead are susceptible to marketing, ubiquitous snacks and the social and environmental pressures that make us all eat more than we should.  Chronic overeating will lead to a situation of leptin resistance at which point, hunger is always present.  This is part of the vicious cycle of weight gain that is not fully understood.

The existence of this set point explains why most diets don’t work – they are too short term in their approach to changing weight and simply lead to a temporary shrinking of the fat cell which leads to adiposity rebound. While the obese individual can fight off the impulse to eat for a time (lower levels of leptin), eventually the signal becomes too strong to ignore. The result is rebound overeating with individuals often exceeding their previous weight.

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Affordable Training Options with Discovery Learning

Discovery Learning is committed to providing affordable, flexible and high quality personal and fitness training. You can now spread your payments over 12 months to make it easier for you to train while you work.

If you would like to set up monthly payments, please email info@discovery.uk.com.

Please Note: If your course is over £750 and you choose to pay in installments, you will be subject to a £10 credit check that you will need to pay for in advance.

In order for us to perform this quickly and efficiently we will need the following information alongside your enrolment form:

Proof of identity
– Driving licence or
– Passport

Proof of address
– Bank statement or
– Credit card statement or
– Utility bill.

Please include details of former residency if you have been at your current address less than three years . Please include any details of previous names.

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Is Functional Training More Effective? – Discovery UK

Functional Training is a method of strength and fitness conditioning that has gained a lot of popularity in recent years. As Functional Training experts promote this new method as the most natural form of physical exercise that can be carried out in the gym, let’s consider the benefits of this system compared to traditional gym training – is Functional Training more effective?

Functional Training 101

If you’re not familiar with the ins and outs of Functional Training, here it is in a nutshell:

  • Functional Training uses movements similar to those that we use in daily life, as opposed to the rigid and sometimes unnatural positions demanded of us by gym equipment
  • Functional Training can be adapted to the needs of each individual client. If a client uses his or her upper body a lot in the course of working for example, upper body exercises which mimic the movements involved in working can be used to strengthen the muscles involved.

Functional Training avoids the use of traditional gym equipment, opting for equipment like Swiss balls, medicine balls, cable machine, kettlebells and other apparatus which is meant to be more natural to handle and less strenuous on the hands and joints than traditional gym equipment.

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Is Functional Training More Effective?

Whatever your thoughts on Functional Training, it has to be admitted that training the body in a natural way provides several benefits, including flexibility and less chance of injury. A balanced approach would involve blending traditional training and Functional Training in a weekly workout, to benefit from the advantages of both systems.

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Who didn’t love Sports Day?

As the end of a school year starts to come to a close I start seeing more and more posts all over social networking sites regarding a certain day that I certainly loved as a child at school……sports day!

For most of us it was a day where you didn’t have to sit and write pages and pages whilst listening to your teacher without making a sound. It was a day where you could be as loud as you can, shouting and cheering for your friends, spend all day outside playing sport and taking part in athletics races. With all this in mind though, from what I have been reading, it seems like the adults are more excited than the kids. Could this be down to how our society and health awareness has changed?

Unfortunately over the past few years there has been much debate over sports day in many schools across the country. Some saying it’s a bad idea, some banning the day all together and some taking away the individual races so that the competition is taken out of the day. Now finally this year it seems like there is more influence and activity going on in schools probably due to the fact that we will be opening the Olympic Games in less than a month’s time….but is it too late???

Recent studies conducted on children between the ages of 8 and 10 have shown that the majority of these children are only partaking in 20 minutes of moderate to vigorous activity a day. Which is way below the recommended 60 minutes. This 20 minutes accounts for only 4% of their waking time. It was also mentioned that girls activity levels were even less than boys.
We all know that as we get a little older and we move further into our teenage years that the majority of us tend to see a decrease in activity levels. This begs the question though that if at the ages of 8 and 10 we are only spending 4% of our waking time being active, can it actually get much lower?

This research has suggested how important it is for parents and schools alike to take responsibility of getting more children involved in sport, in particular girls. I’m sure that with the likes of Wimbledon, the European championships and the Olympic games, this summer will not be much of an issue getting kids active. However, will these activity levels continue once these events come to a close for another year?!

If your interested in improving the health and wellness of children then why not take a look at our Level 2 Children’s Exercise and Obesity Instructor course.

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Online Personal Trainer Courses – Discovery Learning

On line Personal trainer course and on line gym instructor course

Discovery Learning’s Student Zone is a fully interactive online learning zone where students can study all of their course materials in one place. The use of high quality interactive presentations, manuals, quizzes, videos and worksheets will ensure an in-depth and fun learning experience. The online personal trainer course is designed to allow you to study at your pace, at any time and in any place, and will enhance the face to face experience on the practical days that you attend.  Accessible on your PC, Tablet or Smart Phone this is a truy portable learning tool.  You can combine the online learning experience with the traditional aspects of our courses such as the face to face group attendance days.

The online gym instructor course materials will detail a step-by-step process on how a students learning will develop over the duration of your course and provides all of the documentation needed for delivering your coursework. The interactive presentations can be viewed as often as you like and the vast exercise library will continue to reinforce learning as you progress.

The advantages of the gym instructor and personal trainer online course modules are that you can learn wherever you are as long as you have internet access. Not only that but the Student Support team is available through the Support Page on the forum and enquiry form.

The Student Zone is currently for Level 2 Gym Instructor Students and for Level 3 Personal training students.

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